Launch Pads, Spaceports & Cosmodromes!

A spaceport (or cosmodrome) is a site for launching spacecraft into orbit around Earth on interplanetary trajectories and can include the launch complex infrastructure, storage facilities and possibly production factories. A spaceport may even include runways for the takeoff or landing winged launch vehicles such as the Space Shuttles, Buran or Dream Chaser vehicles!

rocket-liftoff

Locations

Sites in Asia

  • Jiuquan Satellite Launch, China – The first manned Chinese launch was made here in 2003.
  • Xichang Satellite Launch Center, China – Launches the Long March rockets.
  • Uchinoura Space Center (Kagoshima), Japan – Used for various satellites.
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR), India - India’s rocket launch center.
  • Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan – The first location to achieve orbital flight of a satellite (1957 with Sputnik) and human flight in 1961 (Vostok 1).
  • Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia – The new Russian spaceport to be complete in 2018 which is intended to reduce Russia's dependency on the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

Center Sites in Europe

  • Peenemünde, Germany – Where the V-2 rockets (first to reach space) were launched.
  • Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia – Originally an ICBM site, but used for various orbital launches.

Sites in North America

  • Cape Canaveral, Florida – NASA’s famous launch location for its Project Mercury and Project Gemini.
  • Kennedy Space Center, Florida – NASA’s primary location for launching the Apollo, Space Shuttle and future manned flights.
  • Mojave Air and Space Port, California – The private spaceport where Virgin Galactic operates.
  • Vandenberg Air Force Base, California – Primarily used for military satellite launches such as Atlas, but also Falcon 9.
  • Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) – Near Wallops Flight Facility where Orbital ATK launches Antares from.

Sites in South America

  • Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana – The major European spaceport which launches satellites from the advantageous position near the equator (primarily with the Ariane 5).

Sites in Oceania

  • Rocket Lab Launch Facility, Mahia, New Zealand – Launch location of the Electron rocket.

Launch Sites in the Pacific Ocean from the Odyssey mobile platform by Sea Launch of Zenit rockets!

 
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Peenemünde - The location on the northern German island where the first rocket to reach space, the 'V-2', in June 1944 was launched.
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